Weekend Gardener Your Weekly Electronic Gardening Guide
Practical Horticulture for Busy People.

Basil Previous Next

About This Plant...
Family: Labiatae
Genus and species: Ocimum basilicum
Plant type: annual
Height and width: 12-24 inches high; 12 inches wide
Location and soil: sun or partial shade; rich, moist, well-drained soil; will grow indoors
Uses: fresh or dried leaves in soups, stews, and sauces; meat, fish, and egg recipes; salads and vegetables
Propagation methods: seeds, transplants, and cuttings
Indoor Sowing...
Time needed to reach transplant size: 6-8 weeks
When to transplant to garden: after last spring frost
Outdoor Sowing...
When to sow outdoors: after last spring frost
Other Sowing Guidelines...
Approx. germination time: 5 days
Germination temp.: 70 degrees F.
Days to maturity: 85 days
Transplanting Guidelines...
Spacing between plants: 12 inches
Spacing between rows: 18 inches
Growing On...
Pests: Japanese beetles
Diseases: botrytis (bush basil)
Harvest: use fresh leaves at any time; for drying, pick in early fall before leaves turn yellow by cutting leaf stalks just before the plant flowers, and spread them on a wire mesh in a shady place and store in an airtight jar
Growing tips: pinch the centers as plants grow to encourage bushiness


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